Add a bit of colour

In his series of articles highlighting technical issues to do with wood flooring and woodcare, our Technical Manager Richard Aylen explains how wood dyes and colouring processes work

Junckers Rustic Oil in Anthracite Grey adds a deep, dark finish to the wide board flooring in a Danish furniture store

One of the many reasons why beautiful timber floors have been around for so long is that they blend perfectly with many styles of interior. In common with other natural materials, timber may be used next to a wide variety of other colours and textures. The colours that nature provides are very familiar to most of us, but we can create even more choices by using stains, textures and colouring processes.

What options are there if you’re looking for a floor with a coloured finish? It might be a new floor or refurbishment of an old one – there are a few popular choices, each with its own pros and cons.

For refurbishments, a decision must be made if the products to be used will be from one manufacturer that are guaranteed to work together. Alternatively, there is the option to “mix and match” using wood dye from one supplier and lacquer from another. If the latter method is chosen, the flooring contractor needs to guarantee that the products offered are compatible. If in doubt, always do a test area and be aware of the risk that manufacturers sometimes alter formulations… so what works today may not necessarily work tomorrow. The timber species may also affect the result. Some water-based finishes may not perform well on naturally oily tropical hardwoods, but will be perfectly fine on traditional species such as oak and ash.

Let’s look at some of the choices that are available for customers who want to add colour their floors.

Junckers Prelak White primer adds a white wash to a solid hardwood floor

Coloured Primers

These will usually be water-based and used instead of a clear primer. As well as providing the desired colour,  the primer will reduce the “gluing effect” that can occur with water-based finishes. A good, and very popular, example is Junckers Prelak White.

Primers provide an even, transparent “wash” effect and work well on wood that may have a patchy finish if a conventional wood dye is used e.g. maple or beech. Skill and care are needed during application to avoid overlaps, especially on darker, parquet style floors. The primer needs to be over-coated with clear lacquer and it is safest to use a lacquer recommended by the primer manufacturer.

Not strictly a coloured finish; “Invisible” primers and lacquers are fairly new to the UK market. They are used where the final colour of the floor needs to be as close as possible to bare sanded wood. Their “invisibility” works in two ways; one, that they have a very “flat” matt surface which gives the impression that the wood has no coating. Secondly, they change the colour of the wood very little. That said,  these are often normal properties of many water-based primers whether marketed as “invisible or not. Best results are achieved on light coloured timbers as some colour change will be seen when applied to very dark woods.

Wood Dyes

These are low-solids, fast drying products, not to be confused with coloured varnishes or “wood stains”. They must be protected with lacquer. The “rule of thumb” is that if the wood dye is organic solvent-based, a water-based lacquer is most likely to be suitable for overcoating, and vice versa. This must not be fully relied upon though, and a test area should always be done prior to treating the whole floor. Often, the lacquer used to over-coat the dye will be from a different manufacturer.

Dyes are easy to apply using a cloth or pad and it is fairly easy to avoid overlap marks etc. They are fast drying, so the first coat of lacquer or primer can be applied soon after. Bear in mind that stained floors may be difficult to patch repair – especially if the colour has faded over time and may appear patchy on certain types of wood eg maple, beech.

Available in several shades, Junckers Rustic Oils can be applied to any unfinished wooden floor and over coated with a lacquer for durability

Coloured Oils

Oils often produce a uniform colour on beech, maple etc. compared with wood dyes. They tend not to be prone to application issues such as roller stop marks and work well on herringbone and parquet floors. Oil can be used on its own or may be used as a primer and then over-coated with lacquer. Check that the oil is compatible with lacquer – some are not. Junckers Rustic Oils may be used either as a full treatment or over-coated with HP Commercial lacquer. Oils tend to have a longer drying time than a primer or wood dye.

The Effect of Sheen

Many customers will prefer matt finishes on textured and coloured boards as this tends to look more natural, although this is largely a matter of current taste.

Vacuum coloured floor boards

For a very consistent and permanent coloured finish, some types of timber lend themselves well to vacuum staining. Here, the colour of the wood itself is altered by using a chemical or staining process. This affects the board through the majority, if not all its thickness. So when the floor is sanded there is no need to re-apply the colour treatment. Fumed oak, or Black Oak, is perhaps one of the better-known examples of this. Junckers has also used this process on beech to make its Sylvaket boards, and has extended the process further by vacuum staining with water-based wood dyes.

Junckers Black Oak is a solid wood floor that can be sanded and refinished without losing its dark colour. The black stain is drawn deep into the floor board by a specially developed process mimicking nature’s way of darkening timber which has been left in a bog. The floor arrives fully sealed and factory-finished, ready to walk on as soon as it’s installed.

The ever-increasing choice of finishes has led to an increased demand for ‘the perfect shade’, a perfect match to another design element of the interior. It’s always important to assess the use of the floor, estimated foot traffic and maintenance issues before recommending one choice or another – that’s where the expertise of a professional flooring contractor comes in. Our network of Approved Flooring Contractors and Approved Maintenance Contractors might be able to help!

Junckers & Stenhouse Flooring win industry award

Spanish City pleasure dome, a Grade II listed building which has been completely transformed and restored in 2018. It features an incredible domed ceiling in a rotunda, with a large open space and a circular balcony plus three restaurant areas elsewhere in the building – all fitted with Junckers’ Black Oak floor.

We’re absolutely delighted to announce that together with our Approved Contractor Stenhouse Flooring, we have won the 2019 Contract Flooring Journal / Contract Flooring Association Award for ‘Best use of flooring in a visitors attraction’ with our Spanish City pleasure dome project.

An extraordinary project with a complicated flooring installation featuring a concentric dodecagon pattern where the lines of the flooring on the balcony continues in the circular floor on the level below. On the balcony, the mitred boards run from column to column and downstairs from columns on the outer circle, where there is a step down, towards a centre point in the middle fitted with a small section of paler oak (just visible underneath the grand piano in the main image). There are 12 identical sections that form the circle, each segment overhung, angles adjusted to fit perfectly with the previous piece, mirrored in all sections. Every mitre was hand cut and hand routered, grooved with false tongue so the whole floor is connected. Over 2000 cuts in total. On completion a final coat of finishing oil was applied by hand.

The work to approximately nine weeks and required two highly skilled floor layers. The floor is finished with Junckers oil to allow for spot repairs without much downtime and minimal disruption.

Stenhouse Flooring

Junckers Black Oak flooring installed by Stenhouse Flooring at Spanish City. Photo: Andrew Heptinstall
Junckers Black Oak flooring installed by Stenhouse Flooring at Spanish City. Photo: Andrew Heptinstall
Junckers Black Oak flooring installed by Stenhouse Flooring at Spanish City. Photo: Andrew Heptinstall
Junckers Black Oak flooring installed by Stenhouse Flooring at Spanish City. Photo: Andrew Heptinstall
Junckers Black Oak flooring installed by Stenhouse Flooring at Spanish City. Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

Striking circular floor for landmark pleasure dome

This really isn’t something you see every day – a wooden floor installed in a circular pattern, a concentric dodecagon (yes, we had to look it up too!) to be precise. The famous Spanish City in Whitley Bay has undergone major refurbishment works, which includes new solid wood flooring from yours truly. Architects, ADP, brought the seaside pleasure building back to its former glory by carefully restoring the original decorative features in the Grade II listed building.

The works included revealing the magnificent dome in the rotunda by removing a mezzanine floor, restoring the triple height ceiling to create a large, circular space. The grand room required a complimentary floor and the choice fell on our Black Oak, fitted in the aforementioned pattern. Installed by Junckers’ Approved Contractor Stenhouse Flooring, the project features mitred joints which require a high level of skill and experience.

This is an extraordinary project with a very complicated flooring installation. The lines of the concentric dodecagon pattern on the balcony continues in the floor in the circle below (see images). On the balcony, the mitred boards run from column to column and downstairs from columns on the outer circle, where there is a step down, towards a centre point in the middle fitted with a small section of paler oak (just visible underneath the grand piano in the main image). There are 12 identical sections that form the circle, each segment overhung, angles adjusted to fit perfectly with the previous piece, mirrored in all sections. Every mitre was hand cut and hand routered, grooved with false tongue so the whole floor is connected. Over 2000 cuts in total.

The work to approximately nine weeks and required two highly skilled floor layers. The floor is finished with Junckers Oil to allow for spot repairs without much downtime and minimal disruption.

Junckers’ solid wood flooring was also installed in several other areas in the building, which now includes bars, shops, restaurants and a suite of rooms for events, conferences and weddings.

Our thanks to our Approved Contractor Stenhouse Flooring for the detailed information, and a for job well done!

 

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Junckers Black Oak flooring at Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

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Junckers Black Oak flooring at Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

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Junckers Black Oak flooring at Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

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Junckers Black Oak flooring at Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

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Junckers Black Oak flooring at Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

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Spanish City pleasure dome Photo: Andrew Heptinstall

Junckers celebrates Danish design and craftsmanship

Last week we showed off our Hexparket flooring alongside a whole host of Danish design brands at London Design Fair. The Danish Country Pavilion was initiated by the Embassy of Denmark in London, who curated a real-life Danish Living Room full of furniture, lighting, homeware and sound, with our Hexparket floor forming the backdrop.

Junckers Hexparket at London Design Fair 2018 photo Rocio Chacon low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

A celebration of Denmark’s strong tradition of design and craftsmanship, the large stand brought together well-known iconic brands and promising new talent. Thousands of visitors from the global design community came along to discover the room and learn more about the individual companies represented. Styled by the talented women who run Arttiles, Trine Galschiøt and Anette Nørmark, the overall design presented as a cohesive look with elements from many different sources, just like in a real home.

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Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

 

Junckers at London Design Fair 2018 (3) low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

Throughout the room, the emphasis was placed on exquisitely crafted pieces, using quality materials. Made in solid wood, the hexagonal design of the Hexparket floor showcases Junckers’ own long-standing tradition for quality and craftsmanship with a contemporary take on the classic parquet floor. The geometric shapes of the large hexagonal staves combined with the structural grain patterns of the timber contrast beautifully.

Junckers at London Design Fair 2018 (7) low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

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Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

Junckers Hexparket at London Design Fair 2018 (2) photo Rocio Chacon low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

Junckers at London Design Fair 2018 (6) low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

Danish design brands represented in the Danish Living Room included:
Arttiles – handmade tiles
BoConcept – furniture
Dottir Nordic Design – ceramics
Danish Fuel – bar cabinets made from fuel cans
Eberhart – furniture
Libratone – sound
LOP – furniture
Made by Toft – furniture & home accessories
Mobel og Rum – homewares
Morso – wood burning stoves
Noorstad – furniture
Overgaard & Dyrman – furniture
Republic of Fritz Hansen – furniture
Spekva – furniture
Tom Rossau – lighting
Warm Nordic – furniture

Junckers at London Design Fair 2018 (4) low res
Junckers Hexparket solid oak flooring Photo: Rocio Chacon

Hexparket by CarpEnter Cph & Hartmann. Hexagonal staves made in solid oak are laid to form an intricate design mimicking nature’s own geometric pattern based on equilateral triangles. The staves measure 370mm on all sides by 20.5mm thick, with an untreated surface to be finished on site. The natural grain structure of the timber adds texture and interest resulting in a lively, elegant floor.

For more information or to see a sample, please contact us sales@junckers.co.uk

More info on Hexparket

L’Alquería del Basket / Valencia Basketball Club, Spain

Today’s post comes to you from Spain, where over 6200m² of our solid Beech SylvaSport flooring has been installed. The 15,000m² facility comprises 13 basketball courts, nine of them indoor courts.

Designed by ERRE Architecture, L’Alquería del Basket is the largest sports complex dedicated to basketball in Europe. For the indoor training courts, our 22mm Premium solid Beech installed on a Unobat 62+ sub-construction was specified. This particular sub-floor is a batten based solution which also features a unique adjustable and locking wedge system making it easy to level and accommodate the flatness of the hardwood flooring to all types of uneven subfloors.

A leading manufacturer of solid hardwood sports flooring, Junckers has a long-standing track record in providing professional sports flooring for basketball courts. Most recently, in a partnership agreement with FIBA, the International Basketball Federation, Junckers served as Official Technical Supplier of FIBA EuroBasket 2017. In the past, we have also teamed up with FIBA to provide sports floors for EuroBasket 2009 as well as the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.

ERRE Architecture

Valencia Basket Club

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

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Junckers 22mm Beech SylvaSport flooring at L’Alqueria del Basket

 

 

Bespoke Parquet Floor Created to Replicate Original Gallery Flooring

Our solid oak Herringbone parquet flooring has been installed at the National Gallery of Ireland as part of extensive refurbishment works. Architects Henegan Peng’s brief to provide a more accessible route through the collections has resulted in an elegant and historically sensitive upgrade for the Gallery.

The solid wood parquet floor in the Dargan and Milltown Wings was installed by DJ Kelly & Co Ltd. The new floor in the Milltown Wing replaced an original timber floor and in the Dargan Wing, Junckers created a bespoke wood block to replicate the pattern of the original tiled floor.

Herringbone parquet floors, historically found in country estates, castles and mansion houses, have become one of our most popular floors. The elegant aesthetic of the geometric pattern coupled with the naturally occurring structural grain pattern found in solid oak has made parquet the flooring of choice for anything from public buildings, bars and restaurants, galleries and offices to private homes. Our solid oak floors are very durable and can be sanded and refinished several times. Simply put – they last a lifetime.

National Gallery of Ireland

Henegan Peng Architects

Junckers Single Stave Blocks at National Gallery Ireland 1
Junckers solid oak Herringbone parquet floor at National Gallery of Ireland

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Junckers solid oak Herringbone parquet floor at National Gallery of Ireland

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National Gallery of Ireland solid oak flooring

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National Gallery of Ireland solid oak flooring

Folding Floor at Newry Leisure Centre, Ireland

Have you ever seen anything like this before? This four-court sports hall at Newry Leisure Centre in Ireland has a a fold-away Junckers sports floor housing a trampoline pit. This clever construction was designed by Kennedy Fitzgerald Architects and constructed by Felix O’Hare & Co. Ltd.

Kennedy Fitzgerald Architects of Belfast won the commission to create the new multi-purpose regional leisure centre in a design competition held by the Royal Society of Ulster Architects. The centre includes an eight court sports hall, a four court hall, a handball court and several squash courts with a total of 2500m2 of our Beech SylvaSport Premium flooring, fitted over New Era Cradles.

The project has been designed to meet exemplary sustainability and low carbon principles and will embody the goals set out in the Newry 2020 Low Carbon City targets. The building design is on target to achieve ‘Disability Sports Northern Ireland’s Inclusive Sports Facility’ Accreditation and the centre has been shortlisted for the RSUA Design Awards.

Kennedy Fitzgerald Architects

Junckers Sports Flooring

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

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Junckers SylvaSport Premium flooring at Newry Leisure Centre. Photo: Donal Mc Cann

 

 

 

 

Bespoke Solid Wood Flooring for London’s Latest Hipster Hotel

Specialist hotel, hospitality and residential architects Dexter Moren Associates designed London’s newest hipster hotel, The Curtain. Located in the fashionable Shoreditch area, The Curtain’s luxury interiors include 4500m2 Junckers solid oak flooring in a dark grey stain and textured surface with a rich patina.

Fitted in all bedrooms and suites, the elegant, dark grey wooden floor is perfectly suited to the hotel’s luxe warehouse living style. The deep, grey stain and textured surface highlighting the natural grain structure of the timber is a custom finish developed in collaboration with the designers, to achieve an exact match to their brief. As a specialist service to the design community,

is able to create custom floors made in solid hardwood to offer bespoke finishes for individual projects.

Junckers solid wood floors have natural acoustic qualities and ensure a comfortable indoor climate for guests. The floor arrives pre-finished and sealed in Ultramatt lacquer, which has the appearance of an oiled finish, minimising on-site work and ensuring a perfect finish. A Junckers pre-finished solid hardwood floor is hard-wearing and long lasting, the perfect choice for a busy hotel.

The flooring contractors were PICA Floorings Ltd.

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Junckers Smooth Rum solid Oak floor in a textured finish at The Curtain Hotel by Dexter Moren Associates Photo: Adrian Houston

Junckers Smooth RUm solid oak floor at The Curtain Hotel 4 Photo Adrian Houston low res
Junckers Smooth Rum solid Oak floor in a textured finish at The Curtain Hotel by Dexter Moren Associates Photo: Adrian Houston

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Junckers Smooth Rum solid Oak floor in a textured finish at The Curtain Hotel by Dexter Moren Associates Photo: Adrian Houston

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Junckers Smooth Rum solid Oak floor in a textured finish at The Curtain Hotel by Dexter Moren Associates Photo: Adrian Houston